Itzel Martínez del Cañizo
Child Heroes is a 2-D animated work that the artist Itzel Martínez carried out through a co-participation process with nine children from Santa María la Ribera, and José Daniel Morales (Joze Daniel), a young illustrator who is also from Santa María. The story and characters were created based on emotional maps of each of the young participants, significant trajectories that are closely linked to their subjectivities and their perception of the adult world. The home, the school, friends, the neighborhood, moments of solitude, the constant questions and fears that powerfully filter the reality of childhood experience were framed in contexts of precariousness, gender inequality, and overwhelming violence as a daily norm.
Tara, the protagonist in Child Heroes, is inspired by a daydreaming child who identifies adults as senseless automatons who are part of a malevolent system that destroys any possibility of well being. Tara recognizes that the system is a beast named Samsara who inhabits the bowels of the city. Samsara feeds on violence at different levels and provokes allergic reactions in the children that make them sick, absorbing their colors and spontaneity, thereby turning them into small gray replicas of the adults.
For both the artist and for José Daniel Morales, art director for the project, it was important to highlight the strategies that children create using their imaginaries to counteract an era that is strongly anchored in an adult-centric perspective. The work refers critically to historical characters that embody “heroism” in State discourse, the same ones who are disseminated through the regulatory structure imposed by the school system.
Curators: Osvaldo Sánchez and Violeta Celis
Final Project: 2-D animation
Production coordinator: Mariano Arribas
Directing: Itzel Martínez del Cañizo
Characters and art direction: Joze Daniel
Story and script: Itzel Martínez del Cañizo and nine children from Santa María la Ribera
Storyboard and technical script: Itzel Martínez del Cañizo and Joze Daniel
Dubbing studio: Taller Acústico, S.C.
Dubbing Production: Erika Sánchez Santarelli
Dialogue director: Luis C. Cortez
Recording Engineer: Marco Antonio Gutiérrez
Voice actors: Tara: Regina Tiscareño Orihuela, Padme: Pamela Mendoza Ortíz, Bully +
Secondary characters: Jorge Medina Newman, Hermano Tashi +
Various: Miguel Ángel Ruiz, Hermanito Padme: Leo Garduza, Abuelo Sila: Ernesto Casillas, Mamá Padme: Gabriela Guzmán, Maestra + Mamá Sila: Magdalena Tenorio, Mamá Tara: Berenice Vega, Samsara + Vendedor: Mauricio Pérez Castillo, Amigo 1: Franco Balzanny, Amigo 2 + Drogadicto: Iván Bastidas; Secondary characters: Diego Chavira Paz, Oscar Alberto Torres Cordero, Karla Acosta Martínez, Leonardo Kaleb Ulloa Nolasco and César Aguilar Farfán
Sound production and audio editing: Demián Lara
Co-participants: Ángel Eduardo Ulloa Nolasco, César Aguilar Farfán, Diego Chavira Paz, Evelin Renata Fernández de Blas, Karla Acosta Martínez, Leonardo Kaleb Ulloa Nolasco, Melany Paola Maldonado Villanueva, Óscar Alberto Torres Cordero and Roberta Yamileth García Hernández.
After three years of researching and videotaping the dramatic stories of a group of young women undergoing drug rehabilitation in Tijuana (Que suene la calle [Let the Streets of Tijuana Be Heard], 2003–5), Itzel Martínez del Cañizo took on the task of creating a new video for inSite_05 entitled Ciudad Recuperación (Recovery City). As part of this new project, she worked with a group of male patients at a voluntary detoxification program for adults in Tecate. Martínez del Cañizo intervened in the center’s program of rehabilitation through the development of an imaginative game. The group of patients employed video cameras to forge personal narratives about an ideal city, imagining a dignified and inclusive place of their own, constructing a possible Tijuana that would be reinvented according to the desires and ideals of its recovering citizens. In addition to the patients’ vision of an ideal city, Ciudad Recuperación also includes, in contrast, the testimonies of another social group: upper- and upper-middle-class women of Tijuana. The recovering drug abusers who use the video camera to explore and represent the ideal conditions for their social inclusion are conjoined with interviews with women from Tijuana’s privileged classes. These women also imagine and describe an ideal city where they have a place. Ciudad Recuperación functions as an essay on the utopia of belonging within the context of the social reality of Tijuana.
Curators: Osvaldo Sánchez and Tania Ragasol
Venue: MultiKulti Cultural Center, Tijuana.
Luis Alberto Sevilla
Gabriel del Real
Juan Martín García
José Luis Martín
Márgara de León
Michael W. Hager
Juan Carlos Arreguin
Centro de Rehabilitación ARAC-MERAC Tijuana y Tecate
XEWT Cannel 12 Television
Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (CONACULTA)
Centro Cultural Tijuana